What associations arise at the mention of the nomadic tribes of the Scythians? Daring riders who conquered Eurasia. Competitors of the Greeks in the development of the Northern black sea. The pioneers of the guerrilla war that defeated the mighty Persians. And of course, we know about the Scythians due to scatter in the Ukrainian and Russian steppe the burial mounds – mounds. And found in them countless treasures.
Today these treasures are in great demand in the global market of antiquities. And then at major auctions in Europe and America pop masterpieces of Scythian art, the legality of the hit, over the border which is more than doubtful. For example, the standard of the Scythian gold plaque in the form of a deer weighing less than a gram is estimated at Sotheby’s at 10 thousand dollars. And this is stamping, which spread very widely.
More rare items are valued much higher. For example, a plaque in the form of a goat was sold for 380 thousand conventional units. Like other ancient peoples, the Scythians believed in an afterlife, so the deceased accompanied in the last path “top level” – the grave of a noble Scythian was placed not only personal belongings but also horses, servants, concubines and a wife before that, which specifically killed.
Over the burial of poured earth hill – mound, which usually depended on the influence and wealth of the deceased. Steppe pyramid in ancient times attracted fans of easy money. Therefore, many Scythian burial appeared before scientists have already looted. However, over the past two centuries, the mounds are repeatedly presented to the archaeologists surprises in the form of survivors of priceless treasures. Gold comb found in the Solokha Kurgan Scythians Addiction to jewelry, of which Herodotus wrote, is now confirmed by the facts.
And it was not just beautiful objects that are pleasing to the eye. On men’s and women’s jewelry, precious utensils and weapons scientists saw the image of the Scythians, as well as scenes from mythology. The nomads love to feature pictures of animals gave rise to the notion of the Scythian animal style. The researchers found that the most noble Scythians ordered jewelry from Greek artists. The Greeks, including the colonists – the neighbors of the nomads has reached unprecedented heights in jewelry. The gold Cup found in the Kul-Oba barrow Unique finds from the black sea mounds of Kul Oba, Chertomlyk, Solokha received world-wide fame.
The largest museums wanted to get samples of Scythian art. By the way, to cash in on public interest in the Scythians were not only grave robbers. Modern Odessa Scam sold to gullible French scientist the product by modern jewelers under the guise of the crown of a Scythian king Skilur. Some time, the “object of antiquity” was even exhibited in the Louvre until the deception is exposed. Boris Mozolevsky displays the find.
Perhaps the most famous Scythian burial discovery of all time were made during the study of the Thick Grave mound, in the Dnipropetrovsk region. Excavation of this burial, which initially seemed unpromising professionals, took place in 1971. Supervisor was Boris Mozolevsky, an archeologist and poet, who had at that time a scientific degree, but dreamed of in whatever was to find the burial of a Scythian king. The dream romance come true. He managed to do something that was not possible eminent professors and academicians. The pearl of the large Grave was a pectoral gold pectoral finest and weighing more than a kilogram. Images of people and animals on the pectoral still attract the interest of scientists, who did not come to a consensus regarding their values.
Opening Mozolevsky has become one of the biggest archaeological sensations of the century. Today the interest to the Scythian heritage does not subside. And this interest is manifested not only in the best halls of the world, where local museums periodically bring the Scythian exhibition. With the collapse of the Soviet Union financing of archaeological research in Russia and Ukraine declined sharply, and the vacant niche occupied by “black archeologists”. The Scythian gold is the most profitable activity hunters artifacts.
By the way, the robbers Scythian burial related an interesting story. In 1862 an archaeologist Zabelin explored the Chertomlyk barrow. During the excavations, scientists have discovered a skeleton, belonging to the black archaeologist of ancient times. Apparently, the robber had dug a narrow tunnel in the center of the mound, where there was a burial. He managed to get out of gold, but the tunnel collapsed and the would-be criminal was buried along with the prey.