A sapphire stone and its properties. So – what is a sapphire? The sapphire – blue or dark-blue corundum of gem quality, the stone is very valuable, we can say upper class. Actually it is not only blue. Just when it comes to sapphire, people imagine the image of bright, blue gem. Sapphire is characterized by its unusual strength and hardness, due to which the stone is very durable and resistant to external influences. Natural sapphire crystal, the Word “sapphire” derives, probably, from the Babylonian “cyprès” – scratching that may well be, given the hardness of this mineral. In Russia before the nineteenth century, sapphires were called lazorevyi sapphires. Today sapphires jewelry called corundum of any color except red – ruby.
The home of fine blue sapphires is Kashmir. Sapphire crystals mined in the river Color quality Kashmir sapphire is just gorgeous, it’s a perfect medium velvet – blue color. This color often described as “sleepy”, underlined milky haze that appears due to the presence in the rock cavities filled with liquid, or crystals, are so tiny that they are difficult to see even under powerful microscope. It should be noted, however, that not all of Kashmir sapphires is really good. The buyer should remember that the Gemological certificate stating that the stone is mined in Kashmir, does not guarantee its high quality.
Experts with purchases, rely on the fact that once having seen genuine cornflower blue shade of the Kashmir sappia, it is impossible to forget. Other color sapphires are evaluated solely in comparison to Kashmir. Burmese sapphires can also be of excellent quality: their color more intense, seek ultramarine blue, among them there are high quality samples of large size. Sapphires from Sri Lanka are usually paler, some of them are almost colorless; but the best stones nevertheless closer in color to the Kashmir.
Expensive jewelry stones are also opaque star sapphires, which after processing in the form of the cabochon revealed a 6 – or 12-beam star, moving across the surface of the stone during its rotation. This property (asterism) is caused by inclusions of fine needles of rutile, oriented along certain crystallographic directions, intersecting at an angle of 120°, or the presence of a hollow tubular channel, passing in a crystal in these directions. Rare colored sapphires. Another variety of sapphire colors, worthy of a separate name:
Padparadscha, Songea, Tunduru. Padparadscha is a Pink-orange sapphire. If it is true the assumption of experts, the name of the stone came from Sinegorskoe – “ladma rajai” – the color of a Lotus flower. The sages of Ceylon, where he first found this stone, its color is described as a cross between pink Lotus and orange Ceylon sunset. However, neither the yellow nor the orange sapphires are not padparadsha. Padparadsha weighing more than two carats are very rare, above five is considered to be collectible, and the largest known in the world today is the Historical Museum of new York and weighs about 100,18 CT.
Songea sapphire and tunduru, beautiful. They received their names according to the place of their production to Tanzania. These beautiful gems varied in color and at the same time unique. They are mined in the rock on the rivers or just in the desert at no great depth. Weight produced in these places of sapphires rarely exceeds 1.5-2 carats. Basically it is little pieces of crystals, but so beautiful. And these are not empty words. The price of treated sapphire, and reaches more than 2000 US dollars per carat of excellent quality.
There are also pink sapphires. Their size rarely exceed two carats. Good examples of sapphires that color can cost rather expensively. Green, yellow and bicolored sapphires also have their charm and the respective value. Price – the rule of four “C”. Cornflower sapphire, sapphire Cashmerino high quality Natural sapphires are extremely rare and expensive. These and many other transparent gems, the price is determined by four basic characteristics.
In the West jewelers is well-known so-called “rule of four “C”, so named for the first letters of the four terms that describe the quality of a gemstone. The first characteristic is the color (Colour). For any gem, as I mentioned above, this is the decisive factor. And the color is due to its origin. The best sapphires from Kashmir, Sri Lanka and Ceylon. The second important criterion is the purity (Clarity). Even the smallest inclusions that sometimes are invisible to the naked eye, can reduce the cost of gemstone on order and two orders of magnitude.
The third criterion – the cut (Cut). There are certain methods of faceting gems, aimed at identifying the maximum beauty of the game world. The perfection of the cut can significantly affect the price of the stone. Last but more than a decisive criterion – weight or weight, expressed in carats (weight Сarat). It will be recalled that one carat is equal to 1/5 of a gram. For example, a diamond weighing 0.3 carats is considered small, up to 1 carat is average, and above 1 carat big. Usually expressed in carat weight of the stone is indicated, including the second decimal place.
Precious sapphire stone and its magical properties. Sapphire is a gem of soul and autumn, it is an indicator of women’s constancy, the symbol of virginity, pravdoliub and virtue, purity, conscience and remorse. This stone is a talisman reinforces the informal authority of man over other people, strengthens the spirit and is a stone of teachers of high level. In the East it was connected with such wonderful human qualities such as friendship, humility and selflessness. Some legends mention of the ring with a sapphire, which helped to distinguish truth from falsehood.
Especially the “strong” are the stones on the surface which, due to inclusions of rutile during cutting there are three intersecting beams. They’ve been linked with great powers – Faith, Hope, Love. Wanting to attract the attention of the beloved women by making them drink out of cups, “charged” by the power of the sapphire. Sapphire maintains and enhances courage, maketh glad the heart, pleases the senses and strengthens the muscles and nerves. It’s the mascot of the wise, he wakes thirst for knowledge.
Medicinal properties of Sapphire. Natural star sapphire Sapphire is a natural remedy for heart diseases (cardiac weakness, rheumatic heart disease, inflammation of the pericardium) and women’s diseases, asthma and leprosy, boils, and bad growths. Heals the disease of the kidneys, bladder and urinary ducts, promotes the excretion and resorption of kidney stones. It helps the treatment of diabetes, headaches, inflammation of the joints and middle ear, paralysis after stroke and chronic degrasse, has a beneficial effect on eczema and other skin diseases and epilepsy.
Natural sapphire strengthens the eyesight, clears the eyes, destroys them blood spots, heals wounds, plague and rabies, has a soothing effect, saves from thirst, fever and especially from melancholy. A ring or a bracelet with sapphire on the left hand to help with asthma, heart disease and neuralgia. It was believed that these wonderful gems can cure leprosy and “all the evil growths”. Water, in which there were sapphires, helps with eye disease. Sapphire for zodiac signs. Jewelry with sapphires are recommended to wear those born under the sign of Aquarius, Sagittarius. Capricorns this gem is contraindicated. Planet sapphire is Jupiter.