In Jerusalem the temple of Solomon. There are no windows, but the room is bright. In the evening lit chandeliers and lamps, and in the afternoon … not doing anything. Light enters the building from the street. The temple walls are translucent, let in enough light. Built the first Church of Israel out of blocks of onyx. It is a variety of agate owes the name to the Greek word for “nail”. Its layered structure similar to the structure of the mineral. Lines in it are parallel to each other. Onyx is mined in Brazil. In the South American state has several deposits of white varieties of the mineral. It is most valuable as it shines stronger colored “brethren.”
It is from milk onyx carved cameo Gonzaga. It was made in Alexandria in the 3rd century BC. On the bas-relief depicts king Ptolemy the 2nd with his wife and daughter. White onyx cameos caught the attention of the Dukes of Gonzaga. Hence the name decoration. How it got the famous Italian family, is unknown. In 1708, the year of the family had died, died the last of the Dukes. The bas-relief repeatedly changed owners and eventually fell into the hands of Napoleon Bonaparte, rather, of his wife Josephine. In 1814 the first she presented a cameo of Gonzaga as a gift to Russian Emperor Alexander the 2nd. So, enjoy the product can in the Hermitage.
Onyx jewelry is removed and from the Italian subsoil. The development of certain reservoirs was conducted during the time of Gonzaga. But, in the local placers for white stones. The Italian samples are characterized by red and brown tones. In some areas there is a yellow onyx. Onyx – stone, which is mined in Argentina. Here are concentrated the samples are delicate shades of pink and green. However, onyx is a mineral of the group of chalcedonies. The stones are also mined in Argentina – marble onyx. They are not related to agates neither origin nor composition.
The similarity is only in appearance, the striped structure of the sample and, of course, the title. In the Middle ages the mineral was so popular that his name became a symbol for all precious stones. Hence the confusion in modern terminology. Not all of the onyx, so they call. So, Argentina to the list of extractors included not deserved, and Peru. Onyx can be present in Uruguay. Exported stone little. In the 19th century, the African state could not withstand price competition with Mexico. Prior to that, she bought a kind of agate just in Uruguay, which supplied the onyx is black and tan in North America. But, in the 19th century in Mexico found their own deposits. Steel to provide a mineral neighbors at bargain prices.
Moving to sale to the Europeans the Africans was not possible. In the West, was mined our own clay. The significance of deposits in Spain, Italy and France. In France, the stone was removed and caves of the Western and Upper Pyrenees. In the mountain hollows to this day find agates in the form of stalactites and stalagmites. The growths descending from the ceiling of caves, or climbing to their floor. Sometimes, the formations are fused into a single columns. “Born” are from mineral drops of condensate, flowing down from the firmament.
In ancient times there were a few deposits in the Nile valley. The Egyptians put green onyx and reddish varieties for construction, decoration of buildings, household items. However, to the 21st century from deposits not a trace remained. While dying away of the old, a new. Barely a century, as black onyx stone, beige and brown found in the United States. The mineral is mined in the States of Colorado, Utah, Virginia, California and Arizona. Stocks are low, but quality samples.
Physical properties of onyx. Onyx on the photo, as in life, is distinguished by contrast stripes. They have the usual agates, but the borders between lines are blurred, and the bands are close in color. In onyx, the pigments are distributed in parallel, are connected in circles. The same standard agate stripes are often bent, their edges are connected. The value of a stone depends not only on color, but the width of the lines. Than they have already, the more expensive the sample. Considered and its transparency. She does not have all the onyx. Some varieties do not Shine at all. But the majority retains the ability to transmit light when the width of the mineral plates is not more than 3-6-year-centimeters.
The hardness of the mineral is about 7 points on the Mohs scale. A decent indicator. For example, garnet only 6 points. The hardness of the onyx makes it easy to handle, but not fear that the product will break at the first drop, or kick. Products made of onyx differ in the density of 2.6 grams per cubic centimeter and a small porosity to 0.95%. Due to the presence of voids, the stone absorbs water from 0.1 to 0.3%. However, the same marble can absorb moisture several times more and is not as resistant to temperature extremes. Besides, marble is much softer than agate. All of this is a reason to choose to work at construction sites it is chalcedony, and onyx. Properties of a mineral depend on its integrity. She had stone missing. While breaking the crystals do not break along certain planes. Direct faces is not formed. Does not work and a light finish chipping. The trajectory, which will disperse stone, unpredictable.
The formation features of the onyx. When formed onyx stone, as well as areas of thermal springs. It falls composite mineral. It is based on silicon oxide, and supplements — magnesium, calcium, aluminum, iron. The elements fall out of solution gradually. First, it forms a single layer of rocks, then another. Therefore, the onyx, and has a linear pattern. Water from which is born the stone must be saturated with carbonate and bicarbonate of calcium. Low pressure and elevated temperature of the solution. It can even boil. When purchasing color, onyx fills any voids in the rocks, through which shines the source.
Gem found in fossilized tree trunks. If they get to a solution, substitution of vegetable fibers and mineral particles. The silicate composition of agates close to the quartz. In fact, onyx is its crystalline kind. Marble onyx, which is often confused usual, is calcium carbonate. Origin he is also sedimentary, but the composition and other characteristics. And true onyx, and their backing is widely distributed, but the reserves are small breeds. It is understandable. Hot springs, typically, are small in scale. Guarantee that near them there is a lot of voids to fill with stone, also. Deposits with reserves of more than a few tons are rare.
The use of onyx. The temple of Solomon is not the only building built of stone. From the mineral structure erected in Ancient Egypt. In modern times, the stone is used not as the main plates, and as blocks for exterior walls, steps, countertops, window sills and railings. Onyx carve the columns and bas-reliefs. You can see the onyx stone in the photo of the Belarusian station of the Moscow metro. Beige varieties are made of agate balustrade of the Grand Opera in Paris. In Samarkand onyx decorated the interiors of the mausoleum Gur Emir. It was built after the death of Tamerlane. The grave of the conqueror of Emir (real name of Tamerlane) is also carved from agate.
Turn from the gem and tombstones. Especially popular stone in ritual practice of Transcaucasia. The reason is the presence in the mountainous terrain of several deposits of agates. They began to get back in the 11th century. Marble used for monuments in Russia, the Caucasus no. Here and comes into play onyx, even though it is a bit more expensive. Lampshades, lighting is another area in which he discovered the use of onyx. The website of almost any store that sells luxury chandeliers and lamps, offers products from a variety of agate. Passing through the stone, the radiation acquires a special character.
The situation becomes a mysterious, creating an atmosphere of nobility and chic. The nice thing is that mineral lampshade difficult to scratch, break. However, in chemical terms, the onyx is vulnerable. It destroys acids and dyes. Therefore, in the 21st century, slabs of onyx are used as floor coverings, kitchens, art studios. Designers are translucent properties of onyx, from erecting their walls in homes. The stone is made led strips, or other lighting sources. Eventually, get radiant, glowing wall. If it drains further, for example, water flow, the effect of structure produces enchanting.
Price of onyx is interested in sculptors. They used the mineral to create compositions of small forms. Made from agate and vases, boxes, ashtrays, coasters for hours and, of course, jewelry. Jewelers divide the onyx color. Samples in black and white stripes – Arabian stone. Carnelian-onyx – red-white agate. Sardonyx have bands of brown and dairy. Crystals with gray and white lines called chalcedonicum. All varieties are suitable for ring with onyx, earrings, brooches, bracelets, necklaces.
Healing properties of onyx. Onyx – a stone whose properties depend on the sources where he is “born”. Dropping out of treatment, agate is able to give its ions back. Therefore, stone therapeutists advise to throw a piece of stone into a vessel, a jug and wait a day. The tincture can cure the liver, kidney, prevent disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Onyx any store specializing in medical stone therapeutics, offers in the form of pyramids and balls. These are the cut of the mineral are considered to be the most effective in the healing art. Figures “pull” from the body of the infection and relieve pain. Most effective, say the treatises on traditional medicine, wear onyx in the solar plexus area.
The mineral is onyx reviews contradictory. Someone claims that the stone is an effective medicine and it has helped them personally. Others say that only the time spent in the hope of miraculous healing, in the end, only if the disease. Treated with onyx trying impotence, sleep disturbances, memory and hearing. There is evidence that the stone has a positive effect on vision, improving it, giving the eye the acuity. Onyx in the directory of traditional drugs includes its ability to normalize blood pressure. This is especially important for weather-sensitive people suffering from hypertension.
Thanks to the mineral they say and those who suffer from gout. The disease caused by the deposition of salts in the joints. Onyx also helps remove salts from the body, does not allow them to settle on the bones. Interestingly, one fighting with another mineral, because salt is also a stone, though, and crushed. There is a book “Onyx”. This is the story of brothers, aliens. Reading about them is one thing, but to see in reality – is quite another. Agate can protect people from hallucinations and other mental disorders. Onyx relieves you from depression and chronic fatigue, which sometimes cause visions.
Magical properties of onyx. Magical properties of onyx are usually associated with the color of the mineral. So, black variety of the stone the Arabs recognize a symbol of grief and sorrow. As charms in the East choose only light samples of the mineral. Also dark variants of the gem, and avoid in China. In the middle Kingdom black onyx try to come even close. As a black cat ran across the road, dark agate – a harbinger of evil. The state in Yemen, historically, threw all the samples of onyx. Book about mineral indicates the cause. The striped structure of the stone reminded the locals of the human eye. Of course, the stone is static. Therefore, it was decided that onyx is a dead eye. Wear it with an unusual solution.
Onyx – a stone with magical properties which only appreciated in France. In this country the mineral is believed to be the source of positive energy. Therefore, the French began to use onyx as talismans. They prevent premature death of the owner, save him from the evil eye and spoilage. At least, so they say esoterica. Perhaps it is trying to protect themselves from adversity, the name of the mineral called your company many entrepreneurs. So, there is a jewelry company “Onyx”. There is an advertising Agency with the same name. In honor of Agatha called not only the organization but also their products. For example, “Explay onyx” smartphone. The battery is a modest, weak camera, but the price is affordable and the design is cute. Is this the reason for the popularity, or the name of the device is unknown…