Why is jade so long and so firmly popular in China? Historians guessing for a long time, but without much hope of success. Own deposits of semi-precious stone in Imperial China was not. Tajik nephritis was imported with great difficulty. Jade is originally from Siberia came to China only sporadically. Warlike nomadic tribes destroyed the Chinese expedition. Still, the characters for “ruler” and “jade” are so similar, I doubt the millennial worship of the Chinese unusual gem – no! Only the last five hundred years, eight hundred centuries of Chinese history, the jade is allowed to make a simple human…
The stone jade is not only green. Although it is the green mineral is the most homogeneous colouring is valued above all else. Different fields endows humanity nephritis whitish tone, with streaks of gray and colored patches, uniform black, yellowish brown and even blurry blue. Nephritis resistance to mechanical stress is legendary. The fibrous structure of the stone makes it a little susceptible to shocks. Thick and dense weave of amphibole give the rock elasticity.
Some varieties of jade plastically deformed under the action of a locally applied force. To forge a sword of jade, of course, impossible – but to Chinese legends often appears weapons made of jade… farther to the East, the jade is more expensive. European jewelry tradition refers to jade as quite ordinary material. Jade insert in rings, brooches and earrings are rarely recovered in gold. Often machined from solid jade rings, bracelets, key rings, figurines interior decorations.
Regular price of jade in jewelry stores of Europe is within range from two to thirty dollars. Highly artistic works and a rare quality cabochons are priced higher. In the East jade is valued higher, the closer its color to emerald green. The most expensive of the popular kinds you can recognize the jade Imperial class. In addition to the luscious green color, the stone is also distinguished by high transparency. Complete lack of point or line black inclusions makes green jade East the benchmark of quality. Such stones being faceted to cabochons, sold at the price of a few tens of dollars apiece.
The strength of jade was the cause of the popular belief that the border between the underworld of devils and Iblis outlined this stone. It is no coincidence that the tombstone of the great medieval conqueror Timur, cruel orders which sometimes refused to perform even its guard, made of dark green, almost black jade.
In the middle of the XVIII century Iranian Shah Nadir try to smuggle in Persia, the tomb of the great commander. As soon as jade plate with a short biography of Tamerlane crossed the border, in Iran, a destructive earthquake. The stone, however, was brought to the capital. But only Nadir Shah returned from the long March, earthquake repeated, and the Governor himself fell ill. The slab of black jade immediately returned to the place where it had lain quietly until the summer of 1941. A group of Soviet scientists, ignoring the protests of local elders, opened the grave of the Iron Lame. Which began the same day the war became the bloodiest in the history of Russia…
The origin and properties of many native nephrite with the jadeite. In our time, the most expensive and valuable is the blue jade, similar to the precious blue jade. Especially beautiful blue jade from the TRANS-Baikal deposits. In gemology blue jade is called dianit, although mineralogical science interprets this term differently. Some varieties of white jade color purity and silky textures you can compete with petals of a Lotus. According to unconfirmed reports, one of the three Imperial regalia of Japan – a necklace of jade color Lotus. However, it is widely believed that the sacred charms lost in the battle of 1185 and replaced with copies of Jasper, but to test the claim impossible. Mortals are not worthy to see the symbols of Imperial power.
Jade is the color of young ivory is a very popular material at the carvers. The small and fine details of carving is not lost sight of, if the jade like butter! That’s why most of the jade figures, trapped in a Museum exhibition, similar to the ivory.
Jade is cheap, and therefore to forge his own peril. So say the artisans of rich countries. But in the East, a different view prevails. Here the fake jade glass, clouded with various pigments and fibrous additives. Glass, faceted cabochons and inserted into the rims, at first glance indistinguishable from natural jade. But should pay attention to the surface of the insert, and the truth is revealed even to the ignorant buyer.
Glass is easily polished to a mirror finish. This never happens with jade. Being polished to the maximum extent, nephrite is slightly opaque, and through a magnifying glass one can see the smallest surface defects of the stone.
Very often in India, China and neighboring countries under the guise of nephrite sell all kinds of rocks, tinted according to the Outlook of the seller. Structural similarity with natural jade scammers usually do not even bother. The main argument of quality is the width of the smiles and the depth of the bows of a merchant. If you’re not afraid to pass an expert, try to scratch with a knife blade or the tip of the needle back side of the proposed stone. The jade you will not bring harm: not a trace will remain. And pressed dung you will try to wrest from the hands before the trial.
The magical properties of jade. Male sexual weakness and female anorgasmia can be treated jade. Men helps nightly communication with stone – tactile, mental, verbal. Women also (according to an ancient Chinese recipe), it is recommended to purchase a special product, carved from green jade and size-fitting. It is argued that periodic use of the jade wand full-size pattern guarantees awakening of sensuality. The proof is the continuing population explosion in China. Science does not deny that her fascination with sex leads to a rise in the birth rate…
In Lito therapeutic canons of antiquity recommended for the cure of any disease with his own pound of powder a piece of jade the size of an egg. Make jade the powder in small doses mixed with milk or oil. Given the strength of the stone, healing effect of this recommendation is based including on the use of physiotherapy.
Modern witches and magicians abandoned the use of jade in the ceremonies. The spiritual essence of the stone so self-sufficient that no message to the inhabitants of the subtle world with the help of the beloved Buddha of the gem transfer is not possible. In astrological practice, the jade is regarded as a stone useful for all Zodiac signs. It is established that the Scales jade prolongs life, and Virgins – improves the quality of existence.