Meet her Majesty – the Crown of the British Empire, about which so much is said and very little is known contemporaries. She is quite ancient, alluring ethereal play of light, inaccessible to mere mortals, it is a thrill and delight everyone who had the good fortune to witness. View jewelry masterpiece in the exposition of the tower of London.
Crown, this fine creation of human hands, before which bowed, not one generation of people. The Royal Crown of Britain is a wrap with four lilies and crosses. Above them – the four floor of arch, which is crowned by a globe with a cross. The basis of this splendor is a velvet cap with ermine trimming.
Previously Queen Victoria complained about the large weight of the crown, with the result that it began to wear on the pad of a servant. But once the Crown has been dropped, damaging the hull. In 1906, the form was restored, however, began to use other, more lightweight crown, moving the stones is almost identical, lightweight jewelry masterpiece. Its creation was timed to the ascension to the throne of the monarch George V (1911). Today this crown, you can see on the queen Elizabeth II.
The crown does not belong personally to the Queen, but the whole of Britain. Just before the coronation and opening of Parliament the monarch is allowed to wear this miracle, which weighs 910 grams. To wear the Crown allowed only monarchs and only in special cases.
• Donning before his coronation, but the ceremony she is not involved.
• Opening of the session of Parliament
Traditionally, the Crown and other valuables are delivered to Westminster before the Queen’s departure from Buckingham Palace. To get used to the weight, Queen Elizabeth II wears it in the morning, reads her Newspapers and drinking tea.
Only the British Imperial state Crown decorated with 2868 diamonds, 17 sapphires, 11 emeralds, 273 pearls, 5 rubies marvelous. The fate of the stones of the Crown of the British Empire, obey at the time, the continents and enduring world of the East, interesting and instructive. Every stone in it is a separate story related to the lives of many generations. For all time of existence of the British Crown was only the skeleton. The number of gems remained constant.
The exception is the infamous Kohinoor, which is part of the Crown of Queen Elizabeth.