This is the main symbol of power of the Russian monarchs. Imperial crown manufactured by the court jeweler Georg-Friedrich Eckart and diamond maker by Jeremiah Posier for the coronation of Empress Catherine II in 1762. Crown created in record time — in just two months. But they did a real masterpiece of jewelry with a weight of 1.99 kg.
The wizard straightened in silver, 4936 diamonds weighing 2858 carats. Sparkling diamond lace underlined with two rows of large pearls matte, just 75 pieces, and the total weight of 763 carats. Crowned a rare gem of bright red color is noble spinel size 398, 72 carats. Not surprisingly, this crown became the main Imperial regalia – she was crowned all Russian emperors.
The great Imperial crown of the Russian Empire,
was used as the Imperial regalia from 1762 to 1917,
the crown crowned all the emperors of Russia after 1762
By decree of Peter I for the storage of valuable items belonging to the state, was established in 1719, the diamond room, where he kept ceremonial jewelry, and insignia and other state regalia, which were used by the monarchs during the coronation and other important ceremonial state ceremonies. Last Great Imperial crown was used by the last Emperor of Russia Nicholas II in 1906 and the opening ceremony of the first State Duma.
After the October revolution in 1922, all the values and regalia of the Imperial power was transferred to the Gokhran of Russia. The great Imperial crown of the Russian Empire served as collateral for cash loans, 25 000 dollars for the state Treasury. The main mortgagor was made by the Finance Minister of Ireland Michael Collins, and the Great Imperial crown until 1938 were kept in the house of the Ambassador of Ireland Harry Boland.
In 1948 the new government of Ireland wanted to sell all the collateral the crown jewels of Russia at auction in London. However, after long consultations with the Soviet Ambassador, it was decided to return all the relics to the Motherland, in exchange for the sum of $ 25,000. In Russia the Great Imperial crown of the Russian Empire were returned in 1950 after the procedure of the repayment of the loan and kept in the Diamond Fund of the Russian Federation, where collected and stored all the relics of the Russian history, the monuments of jewelry art, jewels and nuggets.
1967 Imperial crown is on display in one of the halls of the Diamond Fund of Russia Museum of the Moscow Kremlin, which includes part of the Fund of the Gokhran of Russia. A unique monument of jeweler’s art was restored in 1984. The materials used — silver, gold, diamonds, pearls, spinel.
In 2012 the company “Smolensk diamonds” created a replica of the Great Imperial crown of the Russian Empire…