The emerald Buddha is made of jade (nephrite) and gold decorated statue of Shakyamuni Buddha, which is considered the mascot of Thailand. It was discovered in Chinghai (province in Thailand) in 1436, among the wreckage of the pagoda, which was destroyed by lightning.
Then began the long ages of wandering, versions which is a lot. For many years the statue of the emerald Buddha wandered from hand to hand, moving between different territories and rulers who were trying to get it to attract happiness and to consolidate his power.
But it is known that the last destination was Laos. From there, after the attack on Vientiane (capital of Laos), king Rama I took the Buddha with him and took in Bangkok. It is “dressed in gold” and especially in honor of him was erected the whole complex of Wat Phra Thaew with long and high walls, so beautifully decorated with paintings and drawings from 1784.
But the emerald Buddha is so revered, not only because of the rich history and the precious material. Its origin dates back to 43 BC It is an ancient relic! After all, almost all Thais are Buddhists; the vast majorities of them «profess” Theravada tradition and treat it very tenderly.
Now the relic sits on a rich Golden throne, framed by precious stones in a special Golden altar, with a height of about three meters, which looks like airy-tiered chariot of Indian Gods.
The temple itself is decorated with carved dome inlaid with gold, bronze and China glaze. The base buildings are framed by gilded figures mystical panoptic-demi, Windows and doors decorated with patterns. White outside the interior walls are frescoed with scenes from the life of Buddha Shakyamuni and the Indian “Ramayana”. Near the temple are statues illustrating the ancient Indian “Journey of Rama”: the giant figures of yakṣas height of 5 meters, kings, monkeys and giants.
Depending on the time of year the emerald Buddha in Bangkok is dressed in different outfits, more precisely, its change personally by the monarch. The Buddha in the “closet” three rich decorations also made of gold and diamonds, because of the seasons here.
Nobody has the right to touch it except the king or the crown Prince, who himself thrice a year, change his clothes
The king wipes the dust from the crown, since, according to tradition, a nation’s prosperity and the success of the ruling person is directly proportional to the care of the Buddha statue. It’s a ritual, a ceremony. This tradition was instituted to the same by king Rama I.