Agate is unique. No other precious, semiprecious, or ornamental stones can boast of so many types, species, subspecies and families. While every agate pleases the eye, warms the soul, excites the mind. Agates since ancient times. Pliny thought that the name of the stone comes from a river on the island of Sicily. And today on the banks of the river Dirillo, previously called “Achates”, it is easy to find coloured chalcedony (agate). Given that the ancient Greeks praised agate long before the epoch of geographical discoveries, it is logical to assume that the river got the name from the stones on its banks, and not Vice versa.
Аhates – in Greek “happy”. Colored stones and now considered a lucky find – not to mention the times when people are not yet able to synthesize the pigment, and could not entertain yourself with a variety of artificial colors. For the agates were filled expedition! The extracted gems were cut, polished, and then used to decorate the interiors and finishing of all kinds of products. The ruler of Syracuse, having ordered the masters of the new ship, demanded residential deck lay agates, so much so that mosaics depicting scenes of epic nature.
The customer’s choice is not accidental: the expressive layering of agate symbolized the diversity of divine protection and favor promised all the gods of Olympus. The mystical power of the agate stone was famous and ancient Jews. Adorning the breastplate of the Jewish high priest, agate is not lost among the other eleven gems. Not lost “agate happiness” relevance and in more recent times. Carved jewelry made of agate in the Renaissance rose in price to the heavens. Imperial houses of Europe competed in the elegance of agate jewelry.
Glorified for centuries jewellers have built a reputation giving customers clasps, gems, containers for incense, carved out of agates incredible beauty. Demand creates supply and price. Agate – even the most rare and beautiful – inexpensive. Mass production of agate is usually estimated at several hundred rubles per unit, although particularly expressive items may be sold by one or two hundred dollars. Collection samples of semi-precious stone the more expensive, the more interesting the shape of the proposed instance.
Sawn and polished the amygdala (the cavity in the rock), where precipitation deposited siliceous thermal waters, often looks quite impressive. The price of this agate can reach a few hundred dollars – especially if on a chalcedony substrate covered with clusters of quartz crystals. The natural properties of agate. Agate – a stone whose properties coincide with the properties of other silicates. Chemical composition of agate is simple: SiO2 plus various impurities that determine the color of the layers.
Grey tones of quartz and red-brown iron compounds are most often form the colour of agates. In places the removal of the surface of Nickel are green agate. Translucent misty green depths makes this type of stone is one of the most artistically valuable. Iridescent agates. Shine with all colors of the visible spectrum. Thin sections of agates easily iridescent translucent, creating the effect of a living game world. Jewelry with rainbow agate rare and expensive – partly due to the rarity of semi-precious stone,
partly due to the demanding approach jewelers to upload a non-trivial setting. Among the agates are stones, webs which is of an extremely curious nature. More often, however, to consider the intricate bends of the layers is difficult: featureless color does not enjoy fancy pattern. Modified agates. The elevation of agates – craft, generating throughout the existence of mankind. The porous structure of the silica stone makes it susceptible to the effects of the dyes. The boiling and soaking the agate in water, fat and alcoholic solutions changes the aesthetic properties of the stone.
Grey soaking agate in a solution of salts of chromium, followed by heating at 270°turns With the green gem in popular stone. The same operation, but with the use of cobalt salts, allows to obtain a blue colour – with blue agate natural origin in its composition cobalt has… Brown agate, placed into an acidic medium at elevated pressure, absorbs chemically active reagents. The increasing temperature activates the oxidation processes, causing the stone becomes more transparent, and more red.
Trudnodostizhimye from the real thing, black agates artificially produced by introducing into the pores of silica carbohydrate organic matter with subsequent charring of the sugars absorbed. Even an expert will not always distinguish natural from man-made black agate. In nature there are chalcedony, black color which is due to stay near the foci of volcanic heat. To recolor the white agates are often used. Dosed introduction of dye compositions makes it possible to distinguish separate layers, focusing on the expressive nature of drawing.
Pastel colors and delicate shades refined white agates attract the attention of buyers. Such stones do not lie on the shelves! Forgery and imitation. Despite the relative cheapness of stone, are increasingly common fake agates. We are not talking about artistic imitation chalcedonies, when glassmakers and glassblowers use agate motifs in his work. Forgery is the attempt of the forgers to replace the flaky glass is a beautiful natural mineral. Fakes are used in the manufacture of inexpensive jewelry with a claim on luxury.
The unusual nature of the combination of colours and the redundancy layers, the apparent artificiality of form, transparency of colour are the hallmarks of a fraud. Differ significantly and the national trend of creating the agate fakes. If Brazilian (and indeed South American) artisans gravitate towards monochromatic color of its “agate”, their Chinese colleagues are striving to make homemade stones color, is not inherent in nature. Orange-light green-purple agates do not exist, whatever may be claimed traders Chinese online stores!
The magical properties of agate. Under certain assumption of layered agate can be compared with a column of coins or the stack of colorful bills. This property became the cause of realizing an important truth: agate helps the accumulation of capital! This semi-precious stone still, what form of money the owner prefers. If you own a collection of agates, and numismatic collection, and storing cash in the safe, and content of e-wallets is much more active! Wearing jewelry – especially rings – from layered agate helps to save money.
Ring with agate insert, the stunned recognition users, burning a finger of fire as soon as taken in hands a purse! Moss agate is a talisman of farmers: farmers, gardeners, agronomists. The possession of moss (or dendritic) agate, in addition, brings peace in the atmosphere of human existence. In General, the magical properties of agate are wide and varied. Changing appearance of stone involves the multi-faceted nature of his spiritual orientation. However, rely on the excessive power of this mineral should not be: on the efficacy of magical charms agate loses a lot of precious stones first row.
Healing properties of agate. The main healing properties of agate – the ability to accumulate and concentrate positive for human health factors. A short daily walk will benefit not fewer long trips, if a person’s hand wearing a ring with agate. Body jewelry made from agates (pendants, bracelets, necklaces) to help deal with skin diseases. Most of all, the effect is manifested in the field of direct skin contact with the stone. According to the observations of stone therapeutists, red agate beads – a good preventive remedy for colds. Toothache is almost not known to the women who are constantly wearing colorful beads of natural agate.